The Archaeological Museum of Samos is located in the town of Vathi. The museum consists of two buildings: the old building of the Museum (Paschalio Archives Centre), which was built in 1912, and the new one, built in 1987, housing works of ancient sculpture.
The collections presented in the new building of the Museum, include sculpture from the Archaic period, pottery, bronze items, ivory objects, wood-carved items, clay figurines and small objects.
The archaeological collection of Pythagorio is housed in the Town Hall of the town of Pythagorio. The collection features stelae from the Archaic period, portraits of Roman Emperors, funeral banquet reliefs and pottery dating from the period between the 9th century BC and the 2nd century BC. Exhibits of greatest value include a marble statue of seated Aiakes, a marble monumental sarcophagus, a small limestone stela, a marble statue of Roman Emperor Traianus, carved marble portraits of Roman Emperors Caesar Augustus and Claudius.
Samos Natural History Museum: The Natural History Museum of the Aegean is located in the town of Mylinoi on the island of Samos. It is 12 kilometers from Samos Town. The building for the museum was built at the expense of Constantine Zimalis and his wife, Maria. They also created a foundation that bears their names. The building does not look like a typical building. It actually looks like a house or a church that had some extensions added to it.
This museum has a rather friendly appeal, for a change. As you enter, thereis a huge garden. A statue of Aristarchus, thefamous ancient Samian mathematician, is in the center of the garden. This is because Aristarchus was the first Samian philosopher to have studied physical phenomenon at the macro level. He initiated the fact that the Earth revolves around the Sun. Inside the museum, there are five different sections. They are: Paleontology, Mineralogy, Geology, Botanology and zoology.
The Historical and Folklore Museum of Karlovassi was established in 1994. The museum's collection is comprised of items related to the traditional way of life in the villages and towns of Samos from 1870 to 1955. Exhibits include a hand loom, a low round table for serving meals, called sofras, a kneading trough, agricultural implements, valuable porcelain ware, mirrors with carved frames, couches with wood-carved details and fascinating ladies garments.
The Museum of Natural History of the Aegean is located in the village of Mytilinii, 12 km from the town of Samos. The museum was established in 1965 and has a palaeontological and a natural history sections. Exhibits include rare fossils of ancient animals, which lived some 6 million to 8 million years ago and were uncovered in excavations carried out by J. Melentis in 1963 in the Andrianos location, nearby the village of Mytilinii. Many of the palaeontological findings are unique pieces of evidence for the natural history of the European continent. Of greatest interest are fossils of a Samoceros (an ancient bovid species), a Samotherium boisieri, a Helladotherium, a Gomphotheium, a Deinotherium, a Machairodont, Metailurus and other large carnivorous mammals.